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Comparison Between Intravenous Urography and Computed Tomography Urography in Diagnosing Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction

AUTHORS

Cevdet Kaya 1 , * , Selahattin Çalışkan 1

1 Haydarpaşa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

How to Cite: Kaya C, Çalışkan S. Comparison Between Intravenous Urography and Computed Tomography Urography in Diagnosing Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction, Nephro-Urol Mon. 2012 ; 4(3):585-586. doi: 10.5812/numonthly.3402.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Nephro-Urology Monthly: 4 (3); 585-586
Published Online: June 20, 2012
Article Type: Letter
Received: November 2, 2011
Revised: November 17, 2011
Accepted: November 30, 2011
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Keywords

Ureter Urography kidney

Copyright © 2012, Nephrology and Urology Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Dear Editor,

We read with interest the article by Xie et al. (1) in a previous issue of Nephro-Urology Monthly (October 2011), regarding the comparison between intravenous urography and computed tomography urography in diagnosing ureteropelvic junction obstruction.

As previously described, pathological lesions at the ureteropelvic junction are classified into intrinsic and extrinsic abnormalities. In the case of intrinsic pathology, increased collagen and ground substances between the muscle bundles have been demonstrated in many studies (2). Additionally we have recently found that intrinsic UPJ obstruction samples have a dissolved smooth muscular coat and an overexpression of extracellular matrix proteins, together with a depleted nerve supply (3). Hypoplastic adynamic ureteral segment was also recently shown to be the cause of the lack of adjustment to increased workloads (high urine volume). Ureteral bands and kinks were defined, especially in older children with symptomatic Ureteropelvic junction obstruction obstruction (4).

Although the authors compared intravenous pyelography with computed tomography urography in this paper, we should not forget the importance of diuretic renography as a noninvasive test, to determine the severity and functional significance of ureteropelvic urine transport problems in children. This test is the most widely used one and it is very helpful in deciding the final result, whether the operation is essential or not, before the operation. Some centers have pointed out that their current imaging modality of choice is CT urography, which is particularly useful in showing the anatomy of aberrant vessels, secondary kinks and adhesions (4). Associated renal anomalies (horse-shoe kidney, duplex kidney etc.) can be clearly demonstrated as well with a comparable radiation exposure to standard intravenous pyelogram.

Footnotes

References

  • 1.

    Xie C, Guo J, Wang G, Wang H. Comparison Between Intravenous Urography and Computed Tomography Urography in Diagnosing Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction. Nephro-Urol Mon. 2011; 3(4) : 258 -63

  • 2.

    Starr NT, Maizels M, Chou P, Brannigan R, Shapiro E. Microanatomy and morphometry of the hydronephrotic "obstructed" renal pelvis in asymptomatic infants. J Urol. 1992; 148(2 Pt 2) : 519 -24 [PubMed]

  • 3.

    Kaya C, Bogaert G, de Ridder D, Schwentner C, Fritsch H, Oswald J, et al. Extracellular matrix degradation and reduced neural density in children with intrinsic ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Urology. 2010; 76(1) : 185 -9 [DOI][PubMed]

  • 4.

    Churchill B, Feng W. Textbook of Pediatric Urology. 2001;

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