Nephro-Urology Monthly

Published by: Kowsar

Perception About Transplant of Rural and Urban Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease; A Qualitative Study

Nasrollah Ghahramani 1 , * , Chloe Wang 2 , Ali Sanati-Mehrizy 2 and Ankita Tandon 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Medicine, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, USA
2 Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, USA
Article information
  • Nephro-Urology Monthly: March 01, 2014, 6 (2); e15726
  • Published Online: March 2, 2014
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: October 28, 2013
  • Revised: November 5, 2013
  • Accepted: January 27, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/numonthly.15726

To Cite: Ghahramani N, Wang C, Sanati-Mehrizy A, Tandon A. Perception About Transplant of Rural and Urban Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease; A Qualitative Study, Nephro-Urol Mon. 2014 ; 6(2):e15726. doi: 10.5812/numonthly.15726.

Copyright © 2014, Nephrology and Urology Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Eknoyan G, Lameire N, Barsoum R, Eckardt KU, Levin A, Levin N, et al. The burden of kidney disease: improving global outcomes. Kidney Int. 2004; 66(4): 1310-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Lameire N, Eknoyan G, Barsoum R, Eckardt KU, Levin A, Levin N, et al. A new initiative in nephrology: 'Kidney disease: improving global outcomes'. Contrib Nephrol. 2005; 149: 90-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Collins AJ, Foley RN, Chavers B, Gilbertson D, Herzog C, Johansen K, et al. 'United States Renal Data System 2011 Annual Data Report: Atlas of chronic kidney disease & end-stage renal disease in the United States. Am J Kidney Dis. 2012; 59(1 Suppl 1)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. van de Luijtgaarden MW, Jager KJ, Stel VS, Kramer A, Cusumano A, Elliott RF, et al. Global differences in dialysis modality mix: the role of patient characteristics, macroeconomics and renal service indicators. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2013; 28(5): 1264-75[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Abecassis M, Bartlett ST, Collins AJ, Davis CL, Delmonico FL, Friedewald JJ, et al. Kidney transplantation as primary therapy for end-stage renal disease: a National Kidney Foundation/Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF/KDOQITM) conference. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008; 3(2): 471-80[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Wolfe RA, Ashby VB, Milford EL, Ojo AO, Ettenger RE, Agodoa LY, et al. Comparison of mortality in all patients on dialysis, patients on dialysis awaiting transplantation, and recipients of a first cadaveric transplant. N Engl J Med. 1999; 341(23): 1725-30[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Milton CA, Russ GR, McDonald SP. Pre-emptive renal transplantation from living donors in Australia: effect on allograft and patient survival. Nephrology (Carlton). 2008; 13(6): 535-40[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Castledine CI, Gilg JA, Rogers C, Ben-Shlomo Y, Caskey FJ. How much of the regional variation in RRT incidence rates within the UK is explained by the health needs of the general population? Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2012; 27(10): 3943-50[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Hommel K, Rasmussen S, Kamper AL, Madsen M. Regional and social inequalities in chronic renal replacement therapy in Denmark. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2010; 25(8): 2624-32[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Axelrod DA, Guidinger MK, Finlayson S, Schaubel DE, Goodman DC, Chobanian M, et al. Rates of solid-organ wait-listing, transplantation, and survival among residents of rural and urban areas. JAMA. 2008; 299(2): 202-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Nyamathi A, Shuler P. Focus group interview: a research technique for informed nursing practice. J Adv Nurs. 1990; 15(11): 1281-8[PubMed]
  • 12. Crawford M, Acorn S. Focus groups: their use in administrative research. J Nurs Adm. 1997; 27(5): 15-8[PubMed]
  • 13. Kidd PS, Parshall MB. Getting the focus and the group: enhancing analytical rigor in focus group research. Qual Health Res. 2000; 10(3): 293-308[PubMed]
  • 14. Graneheim UH, Lundman B. Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness. Nurse Educ Today. 2004; 24(2): 105-12[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Burnard P. A method of analysing interview transcripts in qualitative research. Nurse Educ Today. 1991; 11(6): 461-6[PubMed]
  • 16. Phillips CD, McLeroy KR. Health in rural America: remembering the importance of place. Am J Public Health. 2004; 94(10): 1661-3[PubMed]
  • 17. Greenfield PM. The changing psychology of culture from 1800 through 2000. Psychol Sci. 2013; 24(9): 1722-31[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Inglehart R, Baker WE. Modernization, cultural change, and the persistence of traditional values. Am Soci Rev. 2000; : 19-51[DOI]
  • 19. Behringer B, Krishnan K. Understanding the role of religion in cancer care in Appalachia. South Med J. 2011; 104(4): 295-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Morgan C, Park E, Cortes DE. Beliefs, knowledge, and behavior about cancer among urban Hispanic women. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 1995; (18): 57-63[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments