Nephro-Urology Monthly

Published by: Kowsar

Multimodal Analgesia With Ketamine or Tramadol in Combination With Intravenous Paracetamol After Renal Surgery

Mohammad Reza Khajavi 1 , Seyed Mehdi Sabouri 1 , Reza Shariat Moharari 1 , Pejman Pourfakhr 1 , * , Atabak Najafi 1 , Farhad Etezadi 1 and Farsad Imani 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Anesthesiology, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Nephro-Urology Monthly: July 01, 2016, 8 (4); e36491
  • Published Online: June 7, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: January 23, 2016
  • Revised: April 9, 2016
  • Accepted: May 21, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/numonthly.36491

To Cite: Khajavi M R, Sabouri S M, Shariat Moharari R, Pourfakhr P, Najafi A, et al. Multimodal Analgesia With Ketamine or Tramadol in Combination With Intravenous Paracetamol After Renal Surgery, Nephro-Urol Mon. 2016 ; 8(4):e36491. doi: 10.5812/numonthly.36491.

Copyright © 2016, Nephrology and Urology Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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