Nephro-Urology Monthly

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Short-Period Influence of Chronic Morphine Exposure on Serum Levels of Sexual Hormones and Spermatogenesis in Rats

Hasan Ahmadnia 1 , Alireza Akhavan Rezayat 2 , * , Mahmood Hoseyni 3 , Nooriye Sharifi 4 , Mohhamad Khajedalooee 5 and Arash Akhavan Rezayat 6
Authors Information
1 Professor of Urology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Urology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
3 Associated Professor of Physiology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
4 Assistant Professor of Pathology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
5 Associated Professor of Social Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
6 Member of Student Research Committee, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
Article information
  • Nephro-Urology Monthly: July 01, 2016, 8 (4); e38052
  • Published Online: July 3, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: March 28, 2016
  • Revised: May 30, 2016
  • Accepted: June 5, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/numonthly.38052

To Cite: Ahmadnia H, Akhavan Rezayat A, Hoseyni M, Sharifi N, Khajedalooee M, et al. Short-Period Influence of Chronic Morphine Exposure on Serum Levels of Sexual Hormones and Spermatogenesis in Rats, Nephro-Urol Mon. 2016 ; 8(4):e38052. doi: 10.5812/numonthly.38052.

Copyright © 2016, Nephrology and Urology Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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