Cite Score:

Comparison of Two Methods of Teaching hypertension in Under Graduate Medical Students: “Planned lecture” Versus “Cooperative learning”


Zahra Sobhani 1 , Farokhlagha Ahmadi 2 , Mohammad Jalili 3 , Zinat Nadiahatmi 4 , orkideh olang 5 , Khadijeh Eslami 6 , * , Seyed Mansour Gatmiri 2


1 Iranian Tissue Bank, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

2 Nephrology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

3 Educational Research in Medical Sciences (CERMS), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

4 Department of Social Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

5 Urology and Nephrology Research Center (UNRC), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

6 10.5812/numonthly.4103


Nephro-Urology Monthly: 4 (2); e93981
Published Online: March 01, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 18, 2019
Accepted: January 28, 2012




Background: The direct and indirect negative impacts of hypertension on mortality and morbidity and the deficiencies in physicians’ knowledge on its management prompted us to search for new methods of training this item.

Objectives: In this study, 2 methods of teaching—planned lecture and cooperation—were compared in instructing hypertension to medical students.

Materials and Methods: This study was designed to be a prospective analysis of the efficacy of 2 models of cooperation and planned lecture teaching of hypertension. The medical students, in the second term of the 2010 academic year who were introduced to the nephrology ward for their internal medicine course, were randomly assigned to 2 groups to be taught hypertension by 2 models of cooperation and planned lecture to compare their advantages and disadvantages. In their final exam 2 questions concerning the management of hypertension were asked with regard to evaluating the long-term impact of the models on learning. Data were analyzed by paired t-test to compare pre- and post-test in each group, and independent t-test was used to compare the average and standard deviation scores between groups.

Results: Fifty-one students participated in the study. The total number of students in the lecture (group 1) and cooperation (group 2) methods was 28 and 23, respectively. By independent t-test, differences in test scores indicated a similar achievement of the 2 methods for the endpoint of basic knowledge (P = 0.253). But, the cooperation method was more successful in transferring abilities, primarily in the areas of workup and treatment (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: The study findings show that both methods can set in the optimal training for hypertension to students but that the cooperative method is more effective for deduction analysis.


hypertension Teaching Methods lecture Cooperative Behavior

© 2012, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

This part is available in the PDF file.

  • 1. The references are available in the PDF file.